Asset quality worries come back to haunt M&M Financial investors

Although provisioning costs more than double, NPA levels may remain high until loan growth recovers

The subjects
M&M

When a company has consistently increased its bottom line quarter after quarter for almost two years and has worked just as hard to control nonperforming assets (NPAs or bad debts), even the failure of a quarter could significantly influence sentiment. , especially when the general mood is low. This is exactly what happened with Mahindra and Mahindra Financial Services (M&M Finance).

The stock fell more than 10% on Wednesday, reacting to June quarter (Q1) results that fell short of expectations. However, since M&M Finance is often viewed as an indicator of rural demand, …

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First published: Wed 24 July 2019. 19:11 IST


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A Game Changer for Financial Investors in the German Healthcare Industry – Food, Medicines, Healthcare, Life Sciences

Germany: A game changer for financial investors in the German healthcare industry

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The Schedule Service and Supply Act aims to improve service levels within the compulsory health insurance system.

On March 14, 2019, the German Bundestag passed the Services and Procurement Act (“Terminservice- und Versorgungsgesetz, TSVG”), generally aimed at improving service levels within the compulsory health insurance system. In addition to these regulations, the TSVG contains a set of rules which are of great interest to private investors active in the German healthcare sector.

Rules and regulations now approved affect investment in medical supply centers (“Medizinische Versorgungszentren, MVZ”), through hospitals and non-medical dialysis providers who are the only forays into the legal health supply system available for – and, in fact, widely used by – sponsors (the others being nonprofits and municipalities which by definition are not viable options for investors).

The new law states that the incorporation of an MVZ through a non-medical dialysis provider will only apply to an MVZ providing subject-related medical care (i.e. medical care in connection with dialysis services or general care for renal patients), thus making these investment vehicles unavailable for the establishment of MVZ in other disciplines, such as ophthalmology or radiology.

The incorporation of MVZ through hospitals has not been restricted for any discipline of human medicine, but the creation of dental MVZs will be affected by a new quota system: in general, one hospital (including all MVZ owned and operated by him) may not exceed a 10 percent share in the dental service offer in the respective planning area (Planungsbereich) of the Association of Dentists of Statutory Health Insurance (Kassenzahnärztliche Vereinigung) where the MVZ is located. In planning areas where the dental supply is insufficient, the quota is 20%; in planning areas with a surplus dental supply, the quota is 5 percent. The quota system will not be applied retroactively to already established MVZs, but it comes into force in the event of an extension of these MVZs.

On April 12, 2019, the TSVG bill was approved by the Federal Council (Bundesrat) and should enter into force during the month of April 2019.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide on the subject. Specialist advice should be sought regarding your particular situation.

POPULAR ARTICLES ON: Food, Medicines, Healthcare, Life Sciences from Germany

Orphan drugs in the EU / EEA and UK

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Life Sciences and Law – September 2021

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Welcome to our September newsletter in which we highlight the legal implications and support we can provide to your business across all areas of life science practice covered by our legal teams.


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How to navigate among the many investment vehicles

“You have to be in it to win,” as the popular saying goes, but your financial future doesn’t have to be a gamble. Just as you should go to a doctor to take care of your physical needs, so should the health of your savings.

It is imperative to consult an independent financial advisor to help you reach your savings goals. The Southern African Financial Intermediaries Association (FIA) maintains that financial advisers are important, given the complex nature of investment and risk products. This makes it “difficult for a consumer to structure a product portfolio that meets all of their needs.

“A good financial advisor will take a complete picture of your financial needs and help you structure a portfolio of investment and risk products that matches your income and stage in your life. A financial advisor can offer valuable advice when critical financial decisions need to be made and often deters clients from making reckless decisions with costly consequences, ”says the FIA.

The abundance of content and overwhelming media coverage in the public domain about the investment options available blurs the water for the layman, making it very difficult to get started. But a licensed (with the Financial Services Conduct Authority) and qualified practitioner will help you navigate the maze of product choices and answer all of your questions, including: should I invest in an exchange-traded fund (ETF) or an unit trust? Should I consider investing in the money market or sticking with a Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA)? Which retirement product should I choose? Where is offshore investment located? Should investors be exposed to all options or stick to one or two? What about the property? How does it all fit together?

If you think it’s just a matter of finding the best performer, that’s a mistake. For example, some published performance charts on mutual funds look at, say, five-year return numbers and many investors then choose to invest in a mutual fund, based on this fact – without considering what the underlying investments are or objectively considering whether the perceived high returns are likely to continue. Other investors think that “anything other than money in the bank is just ‘too risky'” and prefer money market investment options. It just doesn’t make sense to look at the individual products in your portfolio in isolation.

This is where the advice of an advisor becomes invaluable. A good place to start is for you and your planner to take stock of your financial situation. Evaluate your goals and what the future might hold for you, and consider your experience and attitudes. Next, identify the money available. The process by which you collect this information is called “fact finding” – this allows you to be more prepared to put together your future financial plan.

The next phase is to determine the time horizon of your investment. You have to think about how long you have to get your money back. Time frames vary for different purposes and will affect the type of risks you can take. For example, if you are saving for a real estate deposit and hope to buy in a few years, investments such as local equity funds or offshore portfolios will not be suitable as their value goes up or down and is considered a longer investment. -term. Stick to cash savings accounts like money market funds or even a TFSA. If you’re saving for retirement in 25 years, you can ignore short-term drops in the value of your investments and focus on the long term. Over the long term, retirement products, real estate investments, or collective investments other than cash savings accounts tend to give you a better chance of beating inflation and reaching your retirement goal.

Once you’ve clearly defined your needs and goals – and assessed the level of risk you can take – develop an investment plan. This will help you identify the types of products that might be right for you. Your advisor will help you understand what is available and what the role of each product is in your overall savings strategy.

Here are some of the options:

  • SICAV: You can invest in mutual funds for most of your financial goals, from saving for your long-term needs to achieving your short-term goals. You can access your money anytime and make changes to your investment whenever you need to, with no transaction fees or penalties.
  • AND F : You can trade index funds like stocks, which offer the advantage that ETFs are more liquid. They can be bought or sold at any time during trading hours and are accessible to small investors as they allow the purchase of individual stocks or portions of indices in fractional installments, while many investment trusts have minimum investment requirements.
  • Money market funds: These vehicles invest in short-term instruments with a maturity of less than one year. By keeping the deadline short, these funds attempt to reduce risk and provide liquidity.
  • Retirement products: When investing for retirement, you usually have three main options: a pension fund, a provident fund, or a retirement annuity. All benefit from some form of tax advantage and are only accessible after retirement, so this investment is long term.
  • TFSA: The new kid on the block is exempt from income tax, dividend tax or capital gains tax on returns. You can only contribute a maximum of 33,000 Rand per tax year (annual limit). There is a lifetime contribution limit of R500,000 per person.
  • Offshore portfolios: The first option is to invest directly abroad in funds domiciled abroad. When you invest in such funds, you need to convert your rand into the currency of your choice. To withdraw the money abroad, you will use your annual discretionary allowance or be able to request a tax clearance for an amount of up to R10 million.
    The second option is to invest indirectly abroad in funds denominated in rand. These funds are mandated to invest in foreign assets. You invest in rand, after which the mutual fund management company then converts the rand into foreign currency, using its foreign exchange capacity. All funds denominated in rand are valued in rand.
    You can also invest in offshore equity portfolios which are managed and reported locally or through endowments.
  • Goods (whether real buildings or classified entities): buying a property goes far beyond the simple brick and mortar. You can invest in real estate ETFs or mutual funds, put your money in real estate investment funds (REITs), or buy stocks in a real estate company. You can even buy a physical property and upgrade it for resale or buy a building and rent it by the square meter, here or abroad.

This list is long and we can delve into the intricacies of each asset class. This is proof that you need a financial advisor to unpack all this properly, and ensure that your nest egg is sufficiently diversified. The importance of managing and improving the balance between risk and return cannot be overstated enough, by spreading your money across different types and sectors of investment whose prices do not necessarily move in the same direction. This can help you smooth out returns while achieving growth and lower your overall portfolio risk, so that one day you can retire in the style you’re used to.


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Besana opens up to industrial and financial investors

The Besana group has launched a process of further growth through acquisitions in Asia, Eastern Europe and North America. The group, specializing in the processing and distribution of Nuts and Dried Fruits, has announced its intention to acquire local companies in its areas of interest, in order to further accelerate its pace of international expansion.

Four years ago, Besana launched an ambitious supply chain project for agricultural development in Central Asia and Central Europe, with the aim of promoting the cultivation of walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds and pistachios in areas with pedoclimatic conditions. optimal. Two group companies, one in Kazakhstan and one in Ukraine, are currently focused on securing raw materials that meet the quality standards required by industry.

From field to fork, the Besana Group’s business model is based on the creation of a state-of-the-art agricultural network and processing plants, designed to build a production chain in line with best practices, farmer to consumer, ensuring food safety and healthy eating.

Besana’s management team. From left to right: Riccardo Calcagni, CEO; Marcella Netti, Chief Financial Officer; Pino Calcagni, president; Vittoria Calcagni, Public Affairs

Today, Besana, wishing to extend this project, announced its desire to open up to industrial and financial partners interested in supporting it in this development process.

With a consolidated turnover of 200 million euros, the Besana group, founded by grandfather Emilio in 1921 and today led by the fourth generation of the Calcagni family, is the world leader in processing and the distribution of Nuts and Dried Fruits. Globalization and innovation have always been at the forefront of the group’s fundamental principles.


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Luxembourg collective investment undertakings: legal regime and characteristics in brief – Finance and Banking

Luxembourg: Luxembourg collective investment undertakings: legal regime and characteristics in brief

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TYPES OF COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT VEHICLES AVAILABLE IN LUXEMBOURG

UCITS

means Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities and refers to investment funds which have been set up in accordance with the provisions of the amended Luxembourg law of December 17, 2010 transposing EU Directive 2009/65 / EC (“UCI Law”). UCITS benefit from a European passport insofar as, once authorized by the Luxembourg supervisory authority, they can, according to a standardized notification procedure, be sold to the public in all other EU Member States. UCITS also benefit from registration facilities with the authorities of many non-EU member states which recognize the UCITS label and the investor protection regime it entails. In order to protect the retail investors to whom UCITS may be marketed, UCITS are subject to specific rules concerning the assets in which they may invest and the diversification and concentration rules with which they must comply. These aim to ensure an appropriate liquidity of the investment portfolio of the UCITS allowing investors to redeem their units at least twice a month.

PART II FUND

refers to collective investment undertakings governed by Part II of the Law on UCIs, which are not qualified as UCITS either because of their investment policy or because of the rules applicable to the distribution of their units / shares . Although Part II funds can be sold to the public, they do not have access to the UCITS passport. They will however benefit from the AIFMD passport.1 under certain conditions. They are subject to the permanent supervision of the Luxembourg supervisory authority (“CSSF”). However, they have greater flexibility as to the type of assets in which they can invest, the investment strategies they can implement, the diversification rules to which they are subject and the liquidity they offer. to investors.

SIF

refers to the Specialized Investment Funds organized under the amended Luxembourg Law of 13 February 2007 (“SIF Law”). SIFs are reserved for so-called informed investors, ie essentially institutional investors, professional investors and investors subscribing for a minimum amount of 125,000 euros. They are subject to permanent control by the CSSF. Due to the sophistication of their investors, they benefit from a fairly flexible regime. Among other things, SIFs must invest according to the principles of risk spreading, but also have complete flexibility as to the type of assets in which they invest and the strategies they employ. Like Part II funds, they will also benefit from the AIFMD passport under certain conditions.

SICAR

means Venture Capital Investment Companies governed by the amended Luxembourg law of June 15, 2004 (“SICAR Law”). SICARs operate under a regime adapted to private equity / risk capital investments, including tax treatment different from that applicable to UCITS, Part II funds and SIFs. SICARs are not required to operate on the principle of risk spreading. They are reserved for informed investors and are subject to the control of the CSSF in the same way as the SIFs. SICARs will also benefit, under certain conditions, from the AIFMD passport.

SV

means Securitization vehicles organized under the amended Luxembourg law of 22 March 2004 on securitization (“2004 law on securitization”). They can be used in certain circumstances as an alternative to the investment vehicles mentioned above or in addition to the investment structure, in particular depending on the objectives of the operation and the way in which it is structured. Securitization vehicles can be offered to all types of investors, but those which issue securities to the public on a continuous basis come under the supervision of the CSSF. SV will not be subject to the AIFMD regime when it is qualified as “special purpose securitization entities” within the meaning of the latter.2 A new securitization regime reflecting the requirements of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402 on securitizations (“RS”) has applied since January 1, 2019. Three different securitization regimes are therefore available in Luxembourg: (i) the general regime RS for all securitizations that meet the criteria set out in the definition of securitization provided in the RS, (ii) the specific RS regime provided for securitizations classified as simple, transparent and standardized (STS) under the RS, and ( iii) the Luxembourg securitization regime for securitizations other than (i) and (ii).

To view the full article, please click here.

Footnotes

1 AIFMD passport means the EU passport introduced by Directive 2011/61 / EU on managers of alternative investment funds (“AIFMD”) for the marketing of alternative investment funds (“AIF”) to investors EU professionals, as implemented in Luxembourg Domestic laws.

2 Special purpose securitization entities are defined in Article 4 (a) of the AIFMD.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide on the subject. Specialist advice should be sought regarding your particular situation.

POPULAR ARTICLES ON: Finance and Banque du Luxembourg


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Investment vehicles – Guide at every stage of life

By the time you enter the workforce and start making money, you should already start thinking about where and how to maximize your investment vehicles. Whether you’re a freelance writer, full-time employee, or business owner, making your first investment can get you closer to your financial goals.

There are many investment vehicles to choose from, such as stocks and bonds, real estate, ULV insurance, mutual funds, and many more. For many people, creating an effective investment strategy can be overwhelming. Some want quick returns and forget that there is a life ahead of them to run their investments and other resources, while others are content with having bank accounts that make little or no profit.

Mohnish Pabrai Q&A: invest like an owner and make mistakes

Mohnish PabraiIn May, value investor Mohnish Pabrai participated in a question-and-answer session with MBA students from London Business School, who interviewed the investor on many different topics, including his experience in managing his own business in the 1990s. Letters, lectures and the like on second quarter 2021 hedge funds Owning a business and being an investor Pabrai told his Read more

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Q4 hedge fund letters, conference, scoops, etc.

But when it comes to investing, it’s not about where to invest your money, but which investment vehicles are right for your financial situation and personal goals.

Before investing: Factors to consider

The key to becoming a smart investor is to match your resources, requirements and priorities for a particular period or stage in your life. This means that your investment decisions will need to be based on several factors including your monthly income, assets, expenses, financial goals, and risk appetite for investing, among others.

Since investing can take a huge chunk of your finances, you need to check your cash flow. Do you have a regular office job or a thriving business that provides you with a steady source of income? With the income you get, do you still have excess cash left that you can use to invest? It is important to ask these questions because they allow you to set appropriate expectations regarding your financial responsibility as an investor.

It is also advisable to take stock of your short-term financial situation. Ideally, you should have saved six months’ salary to help minimize the impact when your ability to earn – and therefore invest – is affected by economic factors or personal emergencies. It is simply not wise to get into investing when you are having financial problems, especially when there is no real guarantee that your return on investment (ROI) will be quick. The idea of ​​investing is to part with the money, which you can afford not to use or spend for months or years.

Your willingness to invest may also depend on how much you pay your billers to cover your monthly expenses, such as housing, education, transportation, food or groceries, etc. Apart from that, you also need to consider your lifestyle and personal expenses. If you spend more than what you earn, it is a red flag that you are not in a healthy financial situation and may not be ready to invest.

Here is an example of the recommended expense-to-income ratio for various types of expenses:

Lodging: 20% to 25% of your income

Transport: 15% to 25% of your income

Living allowance: 20% to 25 of your income

Debt payments: 5% to 10% of your income

Savings: 10% to 15% of your income

When it comes to your financial goals, you can tap into your investments to help you achieve those goals. If you are a new parent, some of your priority goals may be to buy a house, establish your child’s education fund, and make sure you have cash readily available in your bank account.

In this case, you would do well to place your assets in different investment vehicles. It helps you manage the risks involved in investing and hence gives you a better chance of achieving your goals as the money you have invested begins to grow.

Speaking of risk, this is another factor that you should consider when deciding to invest. Since almost all forms of investing involve risk, you need to consider whether you are open to the prospect of your investments depreciating at some point. This is called your risk appetite. If you are not too comfortable with the idea of ​​taking possible losses, then you will need to be careful with your investments. Consider lower risk investments.

Your timing for investment vehicles can also influence the level of risk you are willing to take. Generally speaking, your risk appetite decreases with age. If you start building your investment portfolio in your twenties, you will have more time to recover the money you might lose than if you choose to invest as you approach retirement.

In which investment vehicles to invest?

Once you have evaluated the various factors described above, the next step is to choose the right investment vehicle. This is one of the biggest dilemmas investors face, especially if you are just starting out. You might find the decision-making process easier if you first align your goals, and from there, compare the investment vehicles that might fit your timeline.

You are likely to set goals for the short, medium, and long term. Naturally, each of these will require investments aligned with a different set of factors, such as interest rates, liquidity period, and the overall value of your hard-earned money.

For short-term goals, the most common types of investments may include term deposits, liquid funds, or short-term debt funds. In the meantime, you can opt for balanced funds and equity-linked savings plans for your medium-term goals. Obviously, your long-term goals will give you the widest range of options, from stocks and bonds to real estate.

Indeed, investing your hard earned money is a major endeavor that requires a lot of homework, careful planning, projections, evaluating your options, etc., to make your money grow over time. In our featured infographic, we discuss more of the things you need to consider, so that you can get a clearer perspective on investing at any stage in your life.

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Guide to investing at every stage of life

Updated


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The General Court of the EU clarifies the parental responsibility of financial investors in the event of infringements of competition – Antitrust / competition law

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On July 12, 2018, the General Court of the EU issued an important judgment which clarified the basis on which the European Commission can impose antitrust fines on financial investors for the activities of their subsidiaries, even if the investment is largely passive in nature.

Background

The case concerned a cartel in the electric cables market. From February 1999 to January 2009, European, Japanese and South Korean producers of submarine and underground power cables participated in a network of multilateral and bilateral meetings and established contacts aimed at restricting competition for their products in specific territories. , by awarding contracts and customers, which distorts the normal competitive process.

The European Commission has fined Prysmian, the world’s largest cable manufacturer, € 104.6 million for its participation in the cartel. At the material time, a fund managed by Goldman Sachs, GS Capital Partners, held a significant controlling interest in Prysmian, through a number of managed funds. During the counterfeiting period, Goldman Sachs’ stake in Prysmian fluctuated between 84% and 91%. Apart from 41 days when its stake was 100%, Goldman Sachs’ stake in Prysmian was only between 84.4% and 91.1% until May 3, 2007, when the shares of Prysmian were offered to the public as part of an initial public offering on the Milan Stock Exchange.

Although the investment bank did not own 100% of the shares, it indirectly controlled all of the voting rights associated with the shares of Prysmian until the date of the IPO. After this date, although Goldman Sachs no longer had absolute control over the voting rights, it continued to exercise control over the board of directors (as evidenced by the fact that this board continued to have the same composition) . Despite its substantial equity stake, Goldman Sachs argued that its investment in Prysmian was primarily financial in nature and that Goldman Sachs was in no business sense the “parent” of Prysmian.

The European Commission found that because of its involvement, Goldman Sachs had “decisive influence” over Prysmian for a substantial period in which the infringement occurred. Applying the long-established principle that one firm can be held jointly and severally liable for the anti-competitive behavior of another when those firms are part of a “single economic unit”, the Commission found that Goldman Sachs’ was jointly liable for Prysmian’s behavior and fined Goldman Sachs € 37.3 million. The Commission based this decision on two grounds: (i) a presumption arising from EU case law that Goldman Sachs exercised material influence over Prysmian by virtue of its participation; and (ii) an analysis of the economic, organizational and legal ties of Goldman Sachs with its subsidiaries demonstrating that it indeed exercised a decisive influence on Prysmian’s behavior in the market. Goldman Sachs appealed the Commission’s decision to the Tribunal.

The Tribunal’s decision

The General Court upheld the Commission’s decision and dismissed Goldman Sachs’ appeal. At the heart of the dismissed appeal was the level of general influence that the Court and the Commission found Goldman Sachs to exercise over Prysmian.

The General Court referred to the judgment of the Court of Justice in Akzo Nobel v Commission, and noted that the behavior of a subsidiary can be attributed to the parent company or to the investment company when, although having a separate legal personality, the subsidiary does not decide on its own behavior in the market, but follows the instructions of the parent company with all material respects. In this case, the parent company and its subsidiary form a single company within the meaning of Article 101 TFEU. On this basis, the Commission can impose fines on the parent company without having to establish its personal involvement in the conduct in question or the infringement. When a parent company has a 100% interest in a subsidiary, this is sufficient to presume that the parent company has decisive influence over the subsidiary. When a company owns almost all the capital of a subsidiary of its group, there is a rebuttable presumption that the company exercises a decisive influence on the behavior of the subsidiary. In order to be able to attribute the conduct of a subsidiary to the parent company, it must also be established that the decisive influence was in fact exercised over the subsidiary, and not only that the parent company was simply in a position to do so.

Decisive influence

In the present case, the application of the presumption of effective exercise of decisive influence was not based on the level of Goldman’s ownership, but on the fact that it controlled 100% of the voting rights attached to the shares. of the company, giving it a capacity comparable to that which it would have enjoyed as sole owner. The Court recognized other factors relating to the economic, organizational and legal relationship between Goldman Sachs and Prysmian to support the finding of determining influence, including the power to appoint the members of the various boards of directors of Prysmian, the power to call meetings of shareholders and propose the removal of directors or entire boards of directors, the actual level of representation of Goldman Sachs on the board of directors of Prysmian, the managerial powers of the representatives of Goldman Sachs on the board of directors administration, receipt of regular updates and monthly reports, measures to ensure that decisive control is maintained after the IPO date and evidence of typical industrial owner behavior.

The Court noted that it is possible to rebut the presumption that a parent company had a decisive interest by providing proof that the subsidiary acted independently of the parent company. However, the Court concluded that the presumption had not been rebutted in this case.

Analysis

The Prysmien This case reaffirms the principle well established in EU case law that parent companies can be held liable for the anti-competitive behavior of their subsidiaries. However, the Commission’s decision, confirmed by the General Court, has shown that institutional investors can also be held responsible for the behavior of the companies in which they have invested, in the event that this investment is relatively passive or when the investor has limited direct involvement in the effective functioning of the subsidiary in question. As the European Commission noted in its response welcoming the judgment of the General Court, the case recognizes that institutional investors are treated “like other parent companies, giving them parental responsibility in exactly the same way“and the legal and factual analysis will focus on the ability of the parent company / investor to exercise a decisive influence over the subsidiary. The nature of the investment, whether financial or more strategic, is not relevant to this respect.

Conclusion

The case underscores the importance for investors and parent companies in general to ensure that their subsidiaries comply with applicable competition law rules and that subsidiaries have strong policies in place to minimize risk. offense. In addition, the case provides additional impetus for acquirers to perform due diligence with respect to competition law risks and obtain appropriate protection from suppliers in transaction agreements (through guarantees / allowances, etc.).

For more information, please contact a member of the Competition and Regulated Markets group.

This article contains a general summary of developments and is not a complete or definitive statement of the law. Specific legal advice should be obtained where appropriate.

POPULAR ARTICLES ON: European Union Antitrust / Competition Law

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We have already published several articles on this dispute (on the original filing, the UK version and the EC antitrust complaint). Now, with the California judgment finally delivered, what’s the verdict?

Modernization of Austrian cartel law

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The 2021 amendment aims to adapt the Austrian cartel and competition law to the requirements of this. In addition to the changes for mergers and market power …


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By 2033, emerging technologies could combine to create new investment vehicles that will gradually replace stocks and bonds: Citi survey

NEW YORK–(COMMERCIAL THREAD) – The structural issues that challenge today’s capital markets could be addressed by creating a new type of registered investment token that embeds smart contracts into a blockchain harnessing artificial intelligence (AI) and big data technologies to administer contract terms and enforce various investor and issuer rights, Citi’s business advisory services find in their new survey, Industry Revolution – Investment Management in 2033, Part 1: The new building blocks. The new investment instruments, dubbed Ownits and Corpits, could change the fundamental concept of real asset ownership and the relationship between investors and companies, according to the survey’s findings.

Citi Business Advisory Services has partnered with Citi Ventures to solicit contributions from innovation leaders from large investment firms, venture capital organizations focused on fintech, a wide range of emerging companies, academics studying the new platform economy, and other experts focused on the intersection of investment management and emerging technologies. The report, based on 60 exclusive interviews – is part one in a two-part Revolution series – and introduces the new building blocks that can move stocks and bonds over time.

“The industry as a whole is facing a demographic challenge related to the growing needs of retired baby boomers, working millennials and the expanding global middle class. We are moving from a situation where the majority of assets are institutionally directed to one where an increasing share of assets come from individuals, ”said Sandy Kaul, global head of business advisory services. “A majority of this individual wealth is held by investors who do not have the right to access private investments, which limits their ability to obtain a return and diversification to help finance the extension of hope. of life.. “

The survey focuses on three innovation trends which together provide a model for dealing with this situation. Crowdfunding presents asset owners who choose to sell all or part of their assets to an outside entity. Unifying such investment opportunities divides these assets into pieces small enough that average investors can afford to buy and sell such exposures. Tokenization of these units then makes it possible to memorize the terms in contracts which can be divided into smaller and smaller fractions to facilitate liquidity.

“Behavioral changes and technological advancements such as blockchain and AI are accelerating and are irreversible, not only in the investment landscape, but across industries. It is by thinking about how new behaviors and technologies might come together that one can envision the possibility of entirely new solutions and gain a competitive advantage, ”notes Vanessa Colella, Head of Citi Ventures and Chief Innovation Officer. from Citi.

Citi’s investigation presents a framework for how these emerging technologies could be combined to create a digital token that combines financial rights, property rights, and use rights to create a new kind of liquid property unit. or “Property”.

“The appeal of Ownits is not just its regulatory transparency, but how it fits into the current ecosystem of primary issuance and secondary trading,” Kaul added. “This could allow individuals to create very diverse portfolios that cover not only stocks and bonds, but also art, infrastructure, wine, intellectual property rights and more.”

The report also exposes the case of a second type of registered token, extending the Ownit model to companies: these Corporate Exposure Units are nicknamed Corpits.

“There has been a significant drop in the number of listed companies over the past 20 years and in the total number of IPOs. Concerns about increased short-termism in public markets and access to nearly $ 1 trillion of dry powder in private equity markets are encouraging more companies to stay private, especially smaller companies that offer the greatest potential for growth, ”Kaul notes. “This limits opportunities for individual investors and makes it more difficult for employees of private companies to monetize their equity stake..

The types of smart contracts built into the envisioned Corpit would be different, according to the report. The financial measures taken by the company could be linked to the milestones of the growth plan or to the behaviors of a company in key areas such as environment, social and governance or diversity. Bonds are likely to extend to investors as well. For example, different categories of companies could specify different minimum holding periods – from daily to multi-year – and offer proportional variations in voting rights.

Companies could also be used to provide exposure to different elements within a company that are currently untargetable, such as their individual business units or their supply chain.

As the platform economy grows, the survey reveals that companies are embracing permeability. New business models such as crowdsourcing are taking hold in the company and intangible assets are becoming increasingly important sources of differentiation.

“By breaking down a company into a portfolio of investment options, we might see a blurring of the lines between venture capital, private equity and public market investing. This could allow a better construction of the portfolio and an explosion of new investment opportunities ”, concludes Kaul.

Citi, the world’s largest bank, has approximately 200 million accounts receivable and operates in more than 160 countries and jurisdictions. Citi provides consumers, businesses, governments and institutions with a wide range of financial products and services, including consumer banking and credit, business and investment banking, securities brokerage, wealth management and transaction services.

Additional information can be found at http://www.citigroup.com
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With most of the negatives taken into account, the worst seems over for Max Financial investors

Max Financial Services (MFS) shares have fallen by a quarter in 2018 so far. Fears of a possible interruption of the merger between Max Life Insurance and Axis Bank to distribute the life insurance products of the first (the bank seeking to enter directly into the insurance sector) and a fundraising for the MFS ‘potential acquisition of IDBI Federal Life Insurance Company weighed on investor sentiment.

The worst seems to be over for MFS, however, as most of the negative news is tied to the stock price, analysts believe instead there could be gains from here. To consider …

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First published: Mon March 26, 2018. 23:56 IST


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Seven smart investment vehicles to add to your holdings in 2018

Most investors know that a diversified portfolio spreads your risk and keeps your returns afloat if one of your investments goes down. The question then becomes: where are the best places to invest your money?

While the stock market offers many options for diversification, it is wise to look beyond Wall Street and find other investment vehicles with solid return potential. We asked members of Forbes Financial Council to share their thoughts on the best stocks to add to your portfolio. From cryptocurrency to health savings accounts, here’s what they had to say.

All photos courtesy of the members of the Forbes Council.

1. Life insurance

Life insurance is more than estate planning. Think of it as a vehicle that allows you to invest in a product that will secure your inheritance while providing you with tax-free income in retirement, if properly structured. – Manuel Vidal, Premium financing group

2. Self-directed IRAs

Self-directed IRAs are a little-known investment strategy once reserved for the very wealthy. The account owner chooses to make alternative asset purchases within the account, usually from investments that they know and understand. Permitted investments include real estate, partnerships, limited liability companies, hedge funds, precious metals and more: anything not prohibited as defined by the IRS. – Jaime Raskulinecz, Next Generation Trust Company

3. Online businesses

It’s easy to get tripped up in the ticker tape. Rather than chasing the ups (and downs) of the market, it’s better to invest your money in something over which you have more control. Consider buying a proven online business that shows steady growth and requires minimal owner involvement. It can be more rewarding both financially and personally. – Ishmael Wrixen, FE International

4. Cryptocurrency

Even the most successful hedge fund managers still cap aggressive portfolios at one percent of total holdings. BTC, ETH, and LTC seem to be the three most popular cryptocurrencies right now, if you are looking to gamble in the space. –Matthew May, Acuity

5. Real estate investment trusts

REITs can add an extra layer of diversification to your portfolio and bring the benefits of increased return and decreased risk. While overlooked, they tend not to correlate with stocks, so when part of your portfolio is going down, they can be going up – and vice versa. It’s also a liquid way to get into real estate without swallowing your fortune in a house. –She Kaplan, LexION Capital

6. 401 (k) account

A 401 (k) is an often overlooked place to save and invest for your future. Many employers provide them anyway, so using your 401 (k) account won’t cost you more, and if your employer has a matchmaking program, it’s really a no-brainer. No matter how close to retirement you are, renew the pledge to maximize your 401 (k) in the New Year and watch your savings pile up. – Shane Hurley, RedFynn Technologies

7. Health savings account

If you’ve maximized your retirement contributions and are looking for other tax-efficient investment vehicles to save for retirement, consider funding your health savings account, if your business offers one. Contributions are not taxable and all funds used for medical purposes are tax exempt. Second, you may be able to invest the funds and use them as a secondary retirement account. – Alexandre koury, Quest for values



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